by Justin O’Connell
Scientists suggest humans used drugs even in prehistory, having discovered over-and-over evidence linking Stone Age man to herbal mixtures for “visions and journeys.” Researchers have even discovered equipment used to prepare hallucinogenic drugs for sniffing, dating them back to prehistoric South American tribes. Ceramic bowls and bone tubes for inhaling fumes or powders appear to have originated in South America between 100BC and 400BC.
Bone tubes are common in pre-contact South America, and are associated with ritual shamanism. Archeologists have suggested that humans were extracting mind-expanding drugs from mescal beans and peyote cacti as far back as 5,000 years ago. Here are some quick examples of the most convincing evidence for the use of mind-altering substances in human prehistory.